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  • Kingdom of Lesotho

    Statistical Report

    No.19: 2013

    2012 Solid Waste, Water and Sanitation

    Bureau of Statistics P.O. Box 455 Maseru 100 Lesotho Tel: +266 22 323 852/22 326 393 Fax: +266 22 310 177 E-mail: ees@bos.gov.ls Website: www.bos.gov.ls

    Mission: To coordinate the National Statistical System (NSS) and produce accurate, timely and reliable culturally relevant and internationally comparable statistical data for evidence-based planning, decision making, research, policy, program formulation and monitoring and evaluation to satisfy the needs of users and producers.

  • i

    Table of Contents Page List of Figures .......................................................................................................... ii

    List of Tables ............................................................................................................ ii

    Introduction .............................................................................................................1

    SOLID WASTE .........................................................................................................2 1.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................2

    1.1 Coverage and Scope ............................................................................................2

    1.2 Results ...............................................................................................................3

    1.2.1 Municipal Waste Generated and Collected .....................................................3

    1.2.2 Municipal Waste Collected ............................................................................3

    1.2.3 Municipal Waste Generated...........................................................................4

    1.3 Solid Waste Disposal...........................................................................................5

    1.4 Summary ...........................................................................................................7

    WATER AND SANITATION .......................................................................................8

    2.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................8

    2.1 Water in Lesotho ................................................................................................8

    2.2 Results ...............................................................................................................9

    2.2.1 Source of Drinking Water ..............................................................................9

    2.2.2 Main Source of Drinking Water .....................................................................9

    2.2.3 Sources of Drinking Water in Urban/Rural Residence .................................. 10

    2.2.4 Time taken to fetch water ............................................................................ 11

    2.3 Dams Used to Store Water ................................................................................ 12

    2.4 Water Exports .................................................................................................. 13

    2.5 Water Treatment ............................................................................................... 14

    2.6 Water Used for Irrigation ................................................................................... 15

    2.7 Water Quality Measurements ............................................................................ 15

    2.7.1 Water Quality of Dams ................................................................................ 15

    2.8 Sanitation ........................................................................................................ 16

    2.8.1 Toilet cleaning Habits ................................................................................. 17

    2.9 Summary ......................................................................................................... 17

    References ............................................................................................................. 18

  • ii

    List of Figures

    Figure 1: Solid Waste collected in tons in Maseru for the year 2012 ... Error! Bookmark not defined.

    Figure 2: Number of Households by Main Source of Drinking Water for the year 2011 .............................................................................................................................. 10

    Figure 3: Water Exports in Million cubic meters for the Period 2008 to 2012............ 14

    Figure 4: Raw Water and Treated Water in Kiloliters (’000) by Months in Maseru district for the year 2010/2011 ............................................................................... 14

    List of Tables Table 1: Scrap Metal Waste Collected in tons in Maseru for the year 2012……………. 7

    Table 2: Solid Waste Generated in tons by different Establishments in the year 2006 .................................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined. Table 3: Solid Waste Generated in tons by different Income Levels in Maseru in the year 2006 .................................................................................................................5

    Table 4: Number of Households by Type of Solid Waste Disposal and Region in 2011. .6

    Table 5: Number of Households by Type of Solid Waste Disposal and District in 2011. 6

    Table 6: Percentage Distribution of Households by Sources of Drinking Water and Urban/Rural Residence- 2011/2012 ...................................................................... .11

    Table 7: Percentage Distribution of Households by Time taken to fetch water from the main source and District for the year 2011 .............................................................. 12

    Table 8: Storage Capacity of Large Dams in Million Cubic Metres (MCM) and their Elevations (Masl) for the period of 2011/2012 ......................................................... 13

    Table 9: Water Used For Irrigation in Million Cubic Meters by Years ......................... 15

    Table 10: Water Quality of large and medium scale man-made lakes or dams and their status .................................................................................................................... 16

    Table 11: Percentage Distribution of Households by urban/rural residence and Type of Toilet facility, 2011 LDS .......................................................................................... 16

    Table 12: Percentage Distribution of Households by urban/rural residence and Toilet Cleaning Habits... ............................................................................................... ....17

  • 1

    Introduction The quality and access to potable water remains a critical public health issue and increasing scarcity of water resources impedes the development of countries. Protection of quality of water is also very critical especially for human consumption hence why water in urban slums is treated because as much as the nature of this sludge has rich nutrients and salts but there are often loaded with high concentrations of pollutants such as heavy metals. There is need to monitor sustainable management of water resources and the demand for related environmental statistics. A poorly managed waste disposal can create a number of adverse environmental impacts such as windblown, litter attraction and generation of liquid leachate posing a serious health risk among the poorer communities. Waste reduction is as important as recycling in saving natural resources, energy and waste disposal space and costs and reducing pollution risks. This report consists of two sections presenting the statistics underlying the topics of water and waste statistics.

  • 2

    SOLID WASTE

    1.0 Introduction Solid Waste is defined as the useless and unwanted products in the solid state derived from the activities of the society. In Lesotho's law, waste is defined as “any substance that may be prescribed as waste or any matter, whether liquid, solid, gaseous, or radio-active, which is discharged, emitted or disposed in the environment in such a volume, composition or manner as to cause an alteration of the environment.” (Seholoholo, 1998:3). Increasing level of municipal solid waste is, nowadays, a serious problem in urban areas of the world. A high population growth rate and increasing per capita income have resulted in the generation of enormous Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), posing a serious threat to environmental quality and human health. This is particularly relevant in the case of developing countries where large quantities of MSW are dumped haphazardly, thereby putting pressure on scarce land and water resources. At the same time, this adversely affects the health of human beings, mostly that of poor persons who have greater exposure to it (Thoso, 2007). Improperly managed solid waste poses a risk to human health and the environment. Uncontrolled dumping and improper waste handling causes a variety of problems, including

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