1.Mrunal CSAT Comprehension & Reasoning_ without coaching studyplan.pdf

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<ul><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 1/28</p><p>Mrunalhttp://mrunal.org</p><p>[Studyplan]CSATAptitudePaper2:Comprehension&amp;Reasoning,analysis,previouspapers,freestudymaterial,cutoffs(part1of3)</p><p>PostedBySupportStaffOn03/06/2014@6:20pmInAptitude|231Comments</p><p>1. Chart:AnalysisofallCSATpaperssofar2. [SectionI]ComprehensionforCSAT</p><p>1. Step1:Finishtheory2. Howtopreparehighlevelreasoning?3. Step#2:Movehandswhilereadingpassage4. Step#3:Maximumpractice5. Comprehension:WhyreadNonGScolumns?6. WhatabouttheEnglishpassages?</p><p>3. [SectionII]ReasoningforCSAT1. [Block1]Highlevel(HL)reasoninginCSAT</p><p>1. Samplequestions:LogicalConnectives2. Samplequestions:Syllogism</p><p>2. [Block2]Arrangement1. A1:Bloodrelation2. A2:Grouping:Peoplevsclothing/city/occupation/relation3. A3:LineSequence/Comparisonproblems4. A4:Arrangement:tableCircular/Rectangular5. A5:ConditionalTeamselection6. A6:Schedulinglectures,events,journey7. A7:Directionsensetest</p><p>3. [Block3]Reasoning:NonVerbal4. [Block4]Reasoning:Misc.Topics/Lowpriority</p><p>1. M1:Missingnumberpattern2. M2:SequenceSeries3. M3:Codingdecoding4. M4:LogicalVennDiagrams5. M5:Calendar6. M6:DataSufficiency(DS)</p><p>5. [Block5]Reasoning:TotallyIgnorethesetopics4. Studyschedulefortheremainingdays5. Whypeoplecantfinishpaper?</p><p>1. P1:StartwithEnglishpassages2. P2:DontkeepcountingblackcirclesinOMRsheet3. P3:Dontcomebackforsets4. P4:KeepsitterQuestionsfortheend</p><p>6. BecomedataprocessorNOTdatacollector7. BooklistforCSATexamPaperII?</p><p>1. Backup#1:Banking,insuranceetc.2. Backup#2:nocompetitiveexam3. Backup#3:higherdifficultyexams</p><p>8. Bookrelateddoubts</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 2/28</p><p>9. Appendix1a:SacredcutoffsofCSATprelimexams10. Appendix1b:MinimumPassingmarksinCSATprelims11. Appendix2:Downloadlinks</p><p>Prologuetoamilelongarticle</p><p>Yes,JustlikeYOYOHoneySingh,Imalsoalive.and[Current]serieswillberesumedsoonbutfirst,HowtoprepareforCSATpaperII(aptitude)inasystematicandtimeboundmannerthattooviaselfstudy?</p><p>1. ComprehensionandReasoningYourehere2. Mathematics&amp;DataInterpretation:highprioritytopics3. DecisionMaking+Mathematics:Medium&amp;lowprioritytopics</p><p>StructureofCSATpaperII(Aptitude)</p><p>TotalQuestions:80TotalMarks:200Marksforcorrectanswer:2.5Negativemarking:YesMINUS0.83marks.i.e.33%ofcorrectanswer.Sectionalcutoffs:No.TheycombinemarksforbothpaperIandpaperIItoselectcandidatesfornextstagetheMainsexam.</p><p>FourSectionsofCSATPaperII(Aptitude)</p><p>1. Comprehension(i)totestyourunderstanding(ii)totestEnglish2. Reasoning3. Mathematics4. Decisionmaking(withoutnegativemarking)</p><p>Chart:AnalysisofallCSATpaperssofar</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 3/28</p><p>Fromabovecharts,itisevidentthatinallthreeyears,maximumnumberofquestionshavecomefromComprehension.So,letsstartwiththat.</p><p>[SectionI]ComprehensionforCSAT</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 4/28</p><p>HL:Highlevelreasoning(Findassumption,inference,centralthemeinthepassage)</p><p>ReadingComprehension 201120122013Comprehensionpassages(printedinbothHindiandEnglish) 28 32 24PassagestotestyourEnglishknowledge(printedonlyinEnglish) 9 8 8Total 37 40 32</p><p>UPSCcomprehensionpassagesaretougherthanbanking,insurance,staffselectionandStatePSCsbecause:</p><p>1. CSATcomprehensiondontaskstraightforwardwho,whenorwheretypeofMCQs.2. Evenwhentheyaskwhatandwhy,youcantfindanswerdirectlyfromasinglesentenceof</p><p>thepassage.Theytestyourunderstandingoftheentirepassage.3. InCSAT2011and2012,onepassagewouldcontainsetof56MCQs.Butin2013,onepassage</p><p>containsbarely23questions.HenceyouvetoreadmorenumberofpassagestogetsameamountofMCQs.Similartrendinsittingarrangementanddatainterpretationsets.[SametrendinCATuptomid2000s,onepassage5MCQs,nowadays1passagecontainsbarelytwoMCQs.]</p><p>4. TheyevenaskHighlevelreasoningquestionswithinthepassages.(Findassumptions/inferences)</p><p>Step1:Finishtheory</p><p>YoullencountertheHighlevelreasoningtopicwithinComprehensionsegment,forexample:</p><p>Assumptions</p><p>1. Whichofthefollowingassumptionsarevalid?then234statementsgiven</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 5/28</p><p>2. Withreferencetothepassage,whichoftheaboveassumptionsis/arevalid?</p><p>Interferences</p><p>3. Whatdoestheauthorimply?4. Whatdoesthepassageimply?5. Whichoneofthefollowingstatementsconveystheinferenceofthepassage?6. Whichofthefollowinginferencescanbemadefromthepassage?</p><p>Centraltheme*</p><p>7. Whichofthefollowingstatementsconstitutecentralpassageofthetheme?8. Whatistheessentialmessagebeingconveyed?9. Whichofthefollowingbestdescribesthethoughtsoftheauthor?</p><p>10. Whichoneofthefollowingstatementsconstitutesthecentralthemeofthispassage?</p><p>TheseareexamplesofHIGHLEVELREASONING.*assuchcentralthemeisnothighlevelreasoningquestion,buttoconfuseyou,theyprovideassumptionsandinferencesaswrongoptions.</p><p>Passages Questions 201120122013</p><p>Comprehensionpassages</p><p>Highlevelreasoning(HL)Findassumption,inference,centraltheme 10 8 8otherMCQse.g.findingmeaningofaphrase,causeeffectetc. 14 24 20A.Subtotal:Comprehension 28 32 24</p><p>B.Englishpassages</p><p>i.e.thoseeasypassagegivenbeforeDecisionMakingsegment,andonlyprintedinEnglish.NoHinditranslationgive. 9 8 8</p><p>TotalMCQs A+B 37 40 32</p><p>Manycandidatesdontneedtopracticecomprehensionathome.Andintheexam,theymakesillymistakesbymixingupfacts,assumptions,andinferenceswiththecentraltheme.Youneedastronggripoverhighlevelreasoningtheorytotickcorrectoptioninthissection.</p><p>Howtopreparehighlevelreasoning?</p><p>RecommendedBook:AnalyticalReasoningbyMKPandey(BSCPublication)RSAggarwalalsocoversthesetopicsbutMKPandeysexplanationsandexamplesaremuchmorerefinedandlucid,particularlyforcomprehensionangle.CSATManualsbyTMH,Pearson,Arihantetc.alsocover,butnotinathoroughmanner.AssuchMKPandeyiswrittenforBankexams,hencenotallchaptersareimportantforUPSC.Doselectivestudyinfollowingsequence</p><p>Chapter Title Topicstofocus</p><p>1 basicoflogic Howtoidentifyconclusion?hehasgivenlistofkeywordsonpage6.</p><p>some</p><p>Logicalconnectivetheoryexplainedonpage19and20.HedidnotusethewordLogicalConnective.Hecallsthemhypotheticalreasoning.ButeitherwayitsimportantforbothCSATandCAT.Afterthatreadfollowing</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 6/28</p><p>2 informationtips</p><p>article:</p><p>[Reasoning]LogicalConnectives(if,unless,eitheror)forCSAT,CATshortcutsformulasapproachexplained</p><p>3 Assumptions</p><p>Page29.Whenassumptionisinvalid?Page30.Whenassumptioncannotbeoutrightlyrejected?page33.Differencebetweenimplicationsandassumption.Allthepracticeexercises+readthefullexplanationgivenintheanswerswhyheclassifiedsomethingasAssumption?Otherwiseinthecomprehensionyoullalwaysendupin50:50doubt.Page53:Exercise3C,particularlytheendpartquestionsdealingwithassumptioninpassages.</p><p>5 Evaluatinginference</p><p>Page119122:howtoavoidconfusionwhilederivinginference?Page127onwards:allthequestionpassages.Alsoreadfullexplanationgivenintheanswers.</p><p>10 CauseEffectPage287onwards:differentiatingbetweenimmediatecausevsprinciplecause.Itllhelpparticularlyinthepassagesrelatedtoscience,environmentoreconomy.</p><p>6</p><p>evaluatingthegivencourseofaction</p><p>ThiswillalsohelpindirectlyintheDecisionMakingQuestions:</p><p>Page168:howtodeterminewhetherasuggestionactionreducesorsolvestheproblem?Page171:howtodetermineifsuggestionsolutionispracticalornot?Page172:areyousolvingtheproblemorcreatinganewone?</p><p>AfteraboveCoretheoryisdone,gothroughfollowing:</p><p>Ch.4Forcefulnessofthearguments.Ch.9StrengtheningandweakeningtheargumentsCh.8Punchline.</p><p>Sofar,UPSChasntaskedGMATlikequestionsaboutstrengthen/weakenargumentsinthegivenpassage.Butnonetheless,abovetheorywillhelpyoudigestthepassagesbetter.</p><p>Step#2:Movehandswhilereadingpassage</p><p>ManhattanGMATTMisaprominentcoachingclassinUSA(!)TheircomprehensiontipsareworthimplementingforCSAT.Whilereadingthepassage,dotwothings:</p><p>1. Notedowntheassumption&amp;premisesonthemargin,inashorthandnote.2. Highlighttheimportantphrases.(GMAT/CATdoneonline,theirsoftwarehasthisfacility.You</p><p>candothesameevenonpaperquestionpaperviapen/highlighter)</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 7/28</p><p>Thishelpsquicklyeliminatingoptionswithouthavingtorereadthewholepassageagainandagain,thussavingprecioustimeduringtheexam.Toseepracticaldemo,gotofollowinglinks.TheirinstructorStaceyKoprinceshowedherownnotesandthoughtprocesswhilereadingthepassage:</p><p>1. Passage:Languageoftheleader2. Passage:MeteorshowerspartIPartII3. Passage:Multinationalcorporations</p><p>Additionaltipsfromthesameinstructor:</p><p>3. Hownottoreadthepassage?90%focusvs20%focus4. Howtofindthecentraltheme/centralpoint?</p><p>Oncethisisover,timeformaximumpractice.How?</p><p>Step#3:MaximumpracticeforComprehension?</p><p>Assucheverypublicationhousehasreleasedaseparatebookoncomprehension.ButImnotimpressedwiththeircontentvsMRP.Mostoftheirtipsarejustbolbachhanwithouttellingspecificallydothisordothat.Thentheygive2030practicepassagesandcharge200300rupees.Butthequalityoftheirpassagesdoesntevenjustify50rupeesforthebook.Ifyoucangetsuchbooksfromlibrarythendoborrowandpractice.OtherwisedontwastemoneybuyingsuchspecialcomprehensionbooksforCSAT.</p><p>Forpracticeyoucanusefollowingresources:</p><p>1. LastthreeyearsCSATpaperstogetatasteofthedifficultylevelofUPSC.(downloadlinksgiveninappendixofthisarticle)</p><p>2. 500passagesgatheredfrompagalguy.comsoldthreadsrelatedtoCATpreparationforyear2011and2012.(downloadlinksgiveninappendixofthisarticle)</p><p>3. PagalguythreadforCATRCdiscussion20134. thiswebsitegotanother250passages:codecoax.com/grerc/</p><p>Youcanfindmanymoreresourcesbyjustagooglesearch.e.g.justtype1000comprehensionpassagesButkeepinmindjust~3monthsleft.DontgetfixatedoverRC.Youvetoprepare&amp;practiceothertopicsaswell.</p><p>Comprehension:WhyreadNonGScolumns?</p><p>UPSCexaminerdoesntwritenewpassagehimself.HemerelycutpastesthepassagesfromprominentEnglishnewspapersandacademicbooks.Fromhisside,heonlydesignstheMCQs,andgivesHinditranslations.Therefore,irrespectiveofyourmediuminmainsexam,youhavetoreadEnglishnewspapersandmagazines.JustbecauseyoufinishedcollegeinEnglishmedium,doesntautomaticallymakeyoumasterofEnglish.Avoidsuchoverconfidence.TheEnglishtextbooksyouvereadforengineering,medicine,pharmaorcommercetheyre*NOT*thesameEnglishthatUPSCpassageswillcontain.Therefore,youvetogetyourself</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 8/28</p><p>familiarwiththesentenceflowandvocabularyofsuchacademic/columntypepassages.Otherwise,intheexam,youlltake15minutesjusttoreadonepassage,whileotherplayersfinishthesamewithin3minutes.Inpastexams,manycandidatesfailedtofinishentirepaper,onlybecauseofthisreason.Togetatasteofcomprehensionpassages,thebestplaceistheBookreviewsegmentwithinHindu,Indianexpress,FrontlineandEPW.Becausetheyfirsttalkaboutthebook,thenaboutthecontemporaryissuedealtinthebooke.g.arts,economics,science,environment,philosophyetc.</p><p>Links:</p><p>1. indianexpress.com/tag/bookreview/2. thehindu.com/books/3. epw.in/bookreviews4. frontline.in/books/(requiresfreeregistration)</p><p>ofcourseitdoesntmeanyouvetoreadallfoureachday.Justkeepaneyeasandwhenyougettime.Mostcandidatesavoidsucharticles/columnsinnewspaper,thinkingthisisnotimportantforGeneralstudiessyllabus.ButKeepinmindComprehensionisaperishableskillthatmustbepolishedwithregularreadingofsuchnonGSEnglishcolumns.Bytheway,</p><p>WhatabouttheEnglishpassages?</p><p>Yes,whattodowiththoseeasypassagesgivenbeforedecisionmakingquestions?(i.e.printedonlyinEnglishandnotinHindi)Assuchnoseparatepreparationnecessary.BecauseMKPandeyisentirelyinEnglish.Soonceyouredonewiththattheory,youveautomaticallygainedknowledgeofsucheasyEnglishpassages.Butstillforpracticeofsuchpassages,youmaygothroughpapersetsofBankandSSCexams(onlyifyouvetimeleft!)</p><p>Anyways,enoughofcomprehension,letsmovetothenextsegmentofCSATpaperII:</p><p>[SectionII]ReasoningforCSATType ReasoningTopics 2011 2012 2013</p><p>HighLevel</p><p>Syllogism 3 5 0Logicalconnectives 0 2 0assumption/inference/conclusion 0 5 0Subtotal:HighlevelReasoning 3 12 0</p><p>Arrangement</p><p>1casevs.manyquestions 0 5 111case1question 1 7 5bloodrelation 3 1 0Directionsensetest 1 0 0SubTotal:SittingArrangement 5 13 16</p><p>NonVerbal</p><p>reflectionfrommirror 1 0 0min.colorsrequiredtopaint 1 0 0whichfigurenext 0 2 3</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 9/28</p><p>Cubefigure 0 2 1Subtotal:NonVerbal 2 4 4</p><p>MiscVennDiagrams 1 1 1Missingnumberpattern 1 0 3Subtotal:Misc 2 1 4</p><p>Total FinalTotalReasoning 12 30 24%weightageinPaperII 15 37.5 30</p><p>[Block1]Highlevel(HL)reasoninginCSAT</p><p>UPSCaskednosyllogism/logicalconnectivesin2013,buttheyfilledupthequotaofhighlevelreasoningbyasking8suchMCQ(findassumption,inferenceetc)within32comprehensionMCQs.</p><p>Highlevelreasoning(HLR) 2011 2012 2013StandaloneMCQswithinreasoningsection 3 12 0HLRMCQswithincomprehensionsection 10 8 8totalHLreasoning 13 20 8%weightageinCSATPaperII(outof80) 16% 25% 10%</p><p>Wevealreadypreparedthehighlevelreasoningforcomprehensioni.e.logicalconnectives,assertion,reasoning,centralthemefromMKPandeysbook.Onlyoneimportanttopicleft=Syllogism.</p><p>Syllogism</p><p>Forthis,refertoMKPandeysChapter11page301onwards.Startwithmasteringtwostatements.e.g.allcatsaredogs,alldogsarepigsthenwhichofthefollowingconclusionisvalid?thenmovetothreestatementandfourstatementsyllogism.MKPandeyhasexplainedtwomethodstosolvesyllogism:AEIOmethodvsVenndiagram.IpreferAEIO,somepreferVenndiagram,andyoucanpickwhicheveryoufindmorecomfortable.Eitherway,doalltheexercisesandreadtheanswerexplanationsinhisbook.</p><p>IfyoupreferAEIOmethod,then:</p></li><li><p>24/05/2015 MrunalCSATComprehension&amp;Reasoning:withoutcoachingstudyplan</p><p>http://mrunal.org/2014/06/studyplancsataptitudepaper2comprehensionreasoninganalysispreviouspapersfreestudymaterialcutoffspart12.html/print/ 10/28</p><p>Mugupthetablesgivenon306,307,311,321(shortformoftable6)andreadfollowingarticles(theyrebasedonAEIOmethod)[Reasoning]Syllogism(AllCatsareDogs):Method,approach,techniques,shortcutsexplainedforIBPS,SSC,CSATandCAT[Reasoning]ThreeStatementSyllogism:technique,method,shortcutsforIBPS,SSC,CSAT,CAT,CMAT[ReasoningQ]3StatementSyllogismdoubtQuestion:Apples,Mangoes,Vegetarians[Reasoning]4StatementSyllogism:Approach,Techniques,explainedf...</p></li></ul>