1.1 the simple present ?? have and be are irregular in the simple present. i have a problem. she...

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  • AffirmAtive StAtementS

    SUBJECT

    BASE FORM OF VERB ORBASE FORM OF VERB + -S/-ES

    Ieat

    fresh fruit.

    You

    HeSheIt

    eats

    We

    eatYou

    They

    Yes/No QueStionS

    DO/DOES SUBJECT

    BASE FORM OF VERB

    Do you

    eat fresh fruit?Does she

    Do they

    informAtion QueStionS

    WH- WORD DO/DOES SUBJECT BASE FORM

    Who do you teach on Tuesdays?

    Whatdoes he eat?

    When

    Where

    do they travel in the winter?Why

    How

    WH- WORD (SUBJECT)

    BASE FORM OF VERB + -S/-ES

    Who works on Tuesdays?

    What happens there?

    negAtive StAtementS

    SUBJECTDO/DOES+ NOT

    BASE FORM OF VERB

    I do notdont

    eat fresh fruit.

    You

    HeSheIt

    does notdoesnt

    Wedo notdontYou

    They

    Short AnSwerS

    YES SUBJECT DO/DOES NO SUBJECT

    DO/DOES+ NOT

    Yes,

    I do.

    No,

    I dont.

    she does. she doesnt.

    they do. they dont.

    The Simple Present

    1 . 1

    Oxford University Press. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use. 1

  • In affirmative statements, add -s or -es to the base form of the verb when the subject is third-person singular (he, she, or it). See 1.3 and 1.4 for the spelliing and pronunciation of verbs ending in -s and -es.

    Use does in negative statements and questions when the subject is third-person singular. For all other persons, use do.

    She doesnt play golf. I dont play golf.

    Does he play golf? Do they play golf?

    Have and be are irregular in the simple present.I have a problem. She has a red car. We have dinner at 6:00.

    I am busy. He is a musician. They are home.

    Do not use do or does in information questions when who or what is the subject.Who lives here? x Who does live here? (incorrect) !

    Do not use do/does in negative statements or in questions with be.You aren't late. Is he ready? !

    Oxford University Press. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use. 2

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