1.1 The Simple Present ?? Have and be are irregular in the simple present. I have a problem. She has…

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AffirmAtive StAtementSSUBJECTBASE FORM OF VERB ORBASE FORM OF VERB + -S/-ESIeatfresh fruit. YouHeSheIteatsWeeatYouTheyYes/No QueStionSDO/DOES SUBJECTBASE FORM OF VERBDo youeat fresh fruit?Does sheDo theyinformAtion QueStionSWH- WORD DO/DOES SUBJECT BASE FORMWho do you teach on Tuesdays?Whatdoes he eat?WhenWheredo they travel in the winter?WhyHowWH- WORD (SUBJECT)BASE FORM OF VERB + -S/-ESWho works on Tuesdays?What happens there?negAtive StAtementSSUBJECTDO/DOES+ NOTBASE FORM OF VERBI do notdonteat fresh fruit.YouHeSheItdoes notdoesntWedo notdontYouThey Short AnSwerSYES SUBJECT DO/DOES NO SUBJECTDO/DOES+ NOTYes,I do.No,I dont.she does. she doesnt.they do. they dont.The Simple Present1 . 1 Oxford University Press. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use. 1 In affirmative statements, add -s or -es to the base form of the verb when the subject is third-person singular (he, she, or it). See 1.3 and 1.4 for the spelliing and pronunciation of verbs ending in -s and -es. Use does in negative statements and questions when the subject is third-person singular. For all other persons, use do.She doesnt play golf. I dont play golf.Does he play golf? Do they play golf? Have and be are irregular in the simple present.I have a problem. She has a red car. We have dinner at 6:00.I am busy. He is a musician. They are home. Do not use do or does in information questions when who or what is the subject.Who lives here? x Who does live here? (incorrect) ! Do not use do/does in negative statements or in questions with be.You aren't late. Is he ready? ! Oxford University Press. Permission granted to reproduce for classroom use. 2

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