10.2: electricity and electric circuits. static vs. current electricity static electricity: charges...

Download 10.2: Electricity and Electric Circuits. Static vs. Current Electricity Static Electricity: charges build up in one location Current Electricity: electrons

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  • Slide 1
  • 10.2: Electricity and Electric Circuits
  • Slide 2
  • Static vs. Current Electricity Static Electricity: charges build up in one location Current Electricity: electrons on the move
  • Slide 3
  • Current Electricity to operate electrical devices, you need a steady flow of electrons. Current electricity is the continuous flow of electrons in a circuit. The electrons flow continuously if the following conditions are met: 1.there is a continual supply of energy 2.the electrons have a a complete path to flow through (electric circuit)
  • Slide 4
  • Electric Circuits An electric circuit must include: 1.An energy source energizes the electrons, ex. battery, photoelectric cell in calculator 2.a conducting wire (connector) provides a path for current to flow 3.A load which is a device that converts electrical energy to another form of energy, ex. light bulb Many electric circuits also include a switch that turns the circuit on or off by closing or opening the circuit.
  • Slide 5
  • Examples of Loads Converts electricity to light bulblight energy fanmechanical energy doorbellsound energy
  • Slide 6
  • Schematic Circuit Diagrams engineers and designers of electrical circuits use special symbols that show the components and connections in a circuit. a drawing made with these symbols is called a circuit diagram.
  • Slide 7
  • Schematic Circuit Diagrams Follow these rules when you draw circuit diagrams. 1. Always use a ruler to draw straight lines for the conducting wires. 2. Make right-angle corners so that your finished diagram is a rectangle.
  • Slide 8
  • Circuit Symbols Conductor or wire allows current to flow very easily from one part of a circuit to another.
  • Slide 9
  • Circuit Symbols Cell - supplies electrical energy -the positive end is bigger than the negative end.
  • Slide 10
  • Circuit Symbols 2 Cells Note: every time a cell is added you need to draw another cell; a battery is a combination of two or more cells
  • Slide 11
  • Circuit Symbols Ground a connection to earth
  • Slide 12
  • Circuit Symbols Switch - an on-off switch allows current to flow only when it is in the closed (on) position
  • Slide 13
  • Circuit Symbols Lamp a load which converts electrical energy to light
  • Slide 14
  • Circuit Symbols Resistor A resistor restricts the flow of current
  • Slide 15
  • Circuit Symbols Ammeter device that measures current A
  • Slide 16
  • Circuit Symbols Voltmeter device that measures voltage V
  • Slide 17
  • Circuit Symbols Motor -electrical load that converts electrical energy into movement M
  • Slide 18
  • Circuit Building Draw the circuit diagrams for each circuit described on the handout Now try building the circuit (substitute the buzzers for the motors)


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