100 great painters (gnv64)

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--FREE Hl1PMMlLPSTUDLNTLIKAKY WITH EVERY ONL YLAKSUSCKIPTION OF MANORAMA TLLL NL WHYZ COMPLETE ENCYCLOPEDIAS In This CD: Britannica @ Student EnCYciOpedi1 T hese 1,57,000 entries are geared to sch 01 subjects and presented in a lively style th, students enjoy. Britannica Elementary Encyclopedi This fascinating reference work instills a look-it-up habit that' VIII prove valuablen school and life. Dictionarv .,nd Thesaurus 2,42,000 definitions, synonyms and antonym Homework Helpdesk Easily complete assignments with an extens VI collection of useful homework resources. Timelines Histor unfolds vividly with timelines show ng the people, events and discoveries of the past Atlas Tour the world with 1,760 'clickable' mars ar links to articles about countries, economics, cultures and national statistics. Online learning Games and Interactive Study Guides SPECIAL OFFER FOR PRESENT SUBSCRIBERS Remit the renewal amount now, and receive the free gift 'Britannica Student library CD'. Subscription will be renewed automatically when the current term ends. SUBSCRIPTION FORM ON BACK COVER INSIDE SubscriptiOn Hate 240/- !Or 12 |ssuesYOupay 240/yOuget gi!twOr\h 695OFFER , 'A LID IN INDIA ONM.M. Publications Ltd., P.B. No. 226, Kottayam, Pin - 6B6 001. Kerala, India. Tel: 0481 - 2563721 - 22-23, Fax: ++91- 481 - 2564393 Email: subscription@mmp.in childrensdivision@mmp.in NEW DELHI: M.M. Publications Ltd., 68/6.1 st Floor, Tolstoy Lane, Janpath, New Delhi -110 001. Tel: 237527811 23326372 MUMBAI: Malayala Manorama, A-404 Marathon Innova, A Wing 4th Floor, Of. Ganpat Rao Kadam Marg, Opp. Peninsula Corporate Pan, Lower Parel (West), Mumbai- 40013. Tel: 022 - 2491 1693 1 2490 523 /2491331 124912381 KOLKATA: Malayala Manorama, No. 43/2 -8, 5uhasini Ganguli Sarani, 1 st Floor, Kolkata - 700 025. Tel: 033 - 24556995, 24555962 Fax : ++ 9-{33 - 24556995 PATNA: Malayala Manorama, 608, Jagat Trade Centre, Fraur Road, Patna-BO 001. Tel: 0612 - 2233809 HYDERABAD: Malayala Manorama, C/o Dr. 8.C. Mathur 8-2-6291118, Road No.1 2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500 034. Tel: 0 - 23314168, 23324692 Fax: 0 - 23322970 BANGALORE: Malayala Manorama, No. 1 32, Kantha Court, 3rd Floor, Lal 8augh Road, Bangalore - 560 027. Tel: 22247735 136 CHENNAI: Malayala Manorama, 2nd Floor, # 748, Anna 5alai, Chennai-0 02. Tel: 28542607 (Circulation-Direct), 28542601 to 0 (Board Line) Fax++ 91-04- 2854261 1,1800425267 (Toille) COIMBATORE: Malayala Manorama, 101, Sunshine Buildings, 1056, Avinashi Road, Opp. Nilgiri Super Market Coimbatore - 61 018. Tel: 224191 1 /2245470 Fax: 2245367 LUCKNOW: Malayala Manorama, B-1657, Indira Nagar, Lucknow-226 016. Tel: 0522-2341576 CHANDIGARH: Malayala Manorama, H No. 1824, Top Floor, Sector 22-B, Chandigarh -160 022. Tel: 0172 -2724699 Mob: 09417310727 BHOPAL: Malayala Manorama, Plot No.1 61, Gopal Bhawan, Zone 1, M.P. Nagar, Bhopal. Tel. 0755 - 2557937 THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Malayala Manorama, P.8. No. 16, Tampnor Es Tiruvannthapram- 695 01. Tel: 2328198 Fax:++91-471- 2327886 COCHIN: P.B. No. 508, Malayala Manorama Bldgs, Panampilly Nagar, Cohin - 62 036, Kerala. Tel: 0484- 2316285 Fax:++91- 484 - 231 5745 February 2011 Volume: 5 No: 5 GREAT PAINTERS The stor of pai nti ng ges as far back as 20,000 years ago, to a time when Man had not yet learned to write. He looked around the world, and tried to reproduce what he saw in drawings. Man was just a caveman i n those days, and the history of art began in caves. Art has progressed through the ages. It has organized i tsel f i nto different styles i n terms of form, as wel l as content. Many pai nters bel ong to certai n movements, gi vi ng different treatment to space, perspective, l ight and col our. Hi story tel l s us of many great geni uses who l ed such movments, and revol uti oni sed the world of art. A few exampl es are Edgar Degas, Vincent Van Gogh, and Pablo Pi casso who created hi story by i nitiating great movements l i ke I mpressi oni sm, Expressi oni sm and Cubi sm. Thi s issue of Manorama Tel l Me Why presents to you some of these great pai nters whose works have stood the test of time. I nevitably, we had to make many reluctant omi ssions, and many names had to be left outfor l ack ofpace. we h21vinQ pai nters elt FROM THE HOUSE OF MAGIC POT, MANORAMA yr.: iOOK, VANITHA, THI Wi,! AND THE MALAYA LA MANORAMA DAILY Why is it said that the history of painting began with cave paintings? We know that earl y Man l ived i n caves. He l ived mai nl y by hunti ng, and gradual ly, he began to decorate the rock faces i n the recesses of caves. Earl y Man created i mages of the bi son and rei ndeer whi ch he hunted, and these were the very first pai nti ngs ever created. Prehi storic cave pai nti ngs have been di scovered in many parts of the worl d, from Euroe and Africa, to Austral i a. Africa has some of the earl i est pai nti ngs and rock engravi ngs to have been dated. Nearl y 30,000 years ol d, they were di scovered i n 1 969 on the rock face i n a cave i n Nami bi a. But the most numer-ous, and the most sophi sticated of prehi storic pai nti ngs are on the wal l s of caves i n Southwest France and Northern Spai n. 4 Tel l Me Why Why are the pai ntings at the Grotte Chauvet special? Grotte Chauvet i s a beautiful pai nted cave in France. I t has several very l arge gal l eri es with more than 300 pai nti ngs and engravi ngs that were probabl y done 32,000 to 30,000 years ago. The pai nti ngs show rhi noceroses, fel i nes, bears, owl s and mammoths, as well as ani mal s such as owls, hyenas and panthers whi ch have never - or very rarely - been found in previ ous pai nti ngs of thi s peri od. I n fact, some archaeol ogi sts bel i eve that these may be the ol dest known pai nti ngs i n the worl d, and therefore, they are very speci al . Why is Cimabue ofen regarded as the 'first modern pai nter/? Ci mabue was a major artist worki ng in Fl orence at the end of the 1 3th century. He was born i n Fl orence in 1 240 AD. When Ci mabue was l earni ng to pai nt i n the 1 260's, Ital i an pai nters were sti l l copyi ng the style of Byzanti ne art whi ch al ways had gol d backgrounds. I t general ly showed sai nts and angel s, as wel l as Jesus and Mary i n very formal , stiff posi ti ons, to show how i mporant these figures were, and that they were not l i ke real peopl e. The figures were flat, and very l ittl e effort was made to show 1 00 Great Painters thei r muscl es, or the shadows that woul d make them l ook real . Ci mabue was associated wi th a styl e of pai nti ng known as gothi c art, and he was al so an i mportant forerunner of the later i nternational gothic style. He i ntroduced a l ifel i ke treatmentoftradi ti onal rel i gi ous subjects, and was al so famous for hi s wal l pai nti ngs. Hi s most famouswork,'Madonna Enthroned', stood three and half metres hi gh! He i s consi dered by some experts to be the fi rst 'modern pai nter'. 5 Why did Gioto di 80rdone change the history of painting? Gi otto was an I tal i an pai nter, who was a student and contemporary of Ci mabue. It is sai d that Gi otto was a shep)m!m .. boy scratchi ng pi ctures of sheep on rocks when Ci mabue di scovered hi m. Gi otto first worked on mosai cs before his interests spread to pai nti ng, scul pture, and archi tecture. Gi otto worked mai nly i n wal l or fresco pai nti ng. He i s known for begi nni ng to put i n natural l andscape backgrounds to hi s pai nti ng, as opposed to the pl ai n gol d backgrounds favoured by the ol der Ci mabue. Hi s figures were l ifel i ke, and he pai nted the outdoors with gl ori ous real i sm and col ours. He changed the history of pai nti ng by taking the portrayal of peopl e and pl aces to new levels. His art shi nes with truth and humanity, and his figures are fl esh-andbl ood i ndivi dual s who convinci ngl y express joy, anger, fear, horror, and gri ef. 6 Why was Si mone Mari ni famous i n Europe? Si mone Marti ni was an Itali an pai nter, who was one of the most ori gi nal and i nfl uenti al arti sts of the Si enese school . Si mone was born i n Si ena, a city i n West Central Italy, and apprenticed i n the workshop of Si enese master Duccio di Buoni nsegna, where he developed his style and reputation early. Si mone created his own versions of many of Duccio's greatest works. But, in doi ng so, he appl ied his own sense of decorative charm to traditi onal subjects, and soon became known for hi s uni que combi nation of ol der Byzanti ne and French Gothic styles. Si mone became most famous i n Siena with the fresco of the Maesta in Tel l Me Why the Pal azo Pubbl i co. Over the succeedi ng years, hi s career grew rapi dly. Many of Si mone's i mportant works show his developi ng sense of l andscape and real i sm. Si mone was a master i n depi cti ng fi gures and portraits. He pai d parti cul ar attenti on to faci al features that gave hi s subjects compl ex characters and emotions. Fi gures were al ways fi ni shed wi th scrupul ous attention to detai l , and his work is admi red to thi s day both for its spi ritual ity and its real i sm. 1 00 Great Painters Why was Fra Angelico called by this name? Fra Angel ico was a Domi nican monk and famous Ital i an pai nter of the early Renaissance Fl orentine School . Though his name was Fra Gi ovanni da Fiesole, he. earned his ni ckname through his unusual l y pious nature. He was cal led Angel ico whi ch is Ital i an for 'angel ic', because the pai nti