0814 Some Highlights of SRI Research in Indonesia

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Presenter: Iswandi Anas, D. K. Kalsim, Budi I. Setiawan, Yanuar and Sam Herodian Institution: (Bogor Agricultural University) (IPB) Audience: Workshop on SRI, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta Subject Country: Indonesia

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<ul><li> 1. SOME HIGHLIGHTSOFS.R.I. RESEARCHIN INDONESIA Iswandi Anas, D.K.Kalsim, Budi I.Setiawan, Yanuar andSam Herodian --Bogor Agricultural University(IPB ) Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008</li></ul> <p> 2. CONTRIBUTORS FOR S.R.I. IN INDONESIA 3. REMARKS: </p> <ul><li>S.R.I.IS AWORK IN PROGRESSNEEDING RESEARCH AND PARTICIPATION OF STAKEHOLDERS </li></ul> <ul><li>S.R.IIS NOT EVERYTHING,</li></ul> <ul><li>BUTSURELYITISAGOOD ALTERNATIVE </li></ul> <ul><li>NO INTENTION TOADOPTS.R.I. TECHNOLOGYIN ALLINDONESIAN RICE FIELDS </li></ul> <ul><li>S.R.I. CAN BE :</li></ul> <ul><li>INORGANIC,ORGANIC ,ORMIXED IT IS NOT NECESSARILY OR ALWAYS ORGANIC </li></ul> <p> 4. S.R.I. IN INDONESIA </p> <ul><li>MANY RICE PRODUCING TECHNOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE:PTT (INTEGRATED CROP MANAGEMENT) </li></ul> <ul><li>S.R.IIS ANOTHER ALTERNATIVE FORINDONESIAN FARMERS </li></ul> <ul><li>INTRODUCEDIN 1997 TO MOA BY PROF. DR NORMAN UPHOFF(CRIFC, BOGOR, WEST JAVA) </li></ul> <ul><li>MOA PLAYsIMPORTANTROLE INDISSEMINATION OF S.R.I .-- DIR-GEN / LAND AND WATERMANAGEMENT (PLA)SUPPORTS TRAINING FOR 1,300 HAOF ORGANIC S.R.I . IN PROJECTIN TASIKMALAYA(APRIL 2008) </li></ul> <ul><li>DIT. GEN . FOOD CROPSIS BEINGINVOLVEDIN S.R.I. </li></ul> <p>Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 5. INSTITUTIONS AND UNIVERSITIES</p> <ul><li>DISIMP /NIPPON KOEI (SATO-SAN) IN EASTERNINDONESIA(NTT, NTB, BALI) SINCE 2002 </li></ul> <ul><li>UNIVERSITIES: BOGOR AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY (DEPTS. of SOIL, AGRONOMY, IRRIGATION WATERAT IPB);ITB, UNPAD, UNAND,AND OTHERS </li></ul> <ul><li>PRIVATE COMPANIES SUCH AS MEDCO, SAMPOERNA </li></ul> <p>Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 6. RICE YIELDS . Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 7. FIELD REPORT (DISIMP, 2006) </p> <ul><li>YIELDINCREASE </li></ul> <ul><li>FROM DIFFERENT PLACES </li></ul> <ul><li>8 PROVINCES: </li></ul> <ul><li>&gt;13,000 FARMERS </li></ul> <ul><li>9,000 HA </li></ul> <ul><li>&gt;70% YIELDINCREASE </li></ul> <p>A 8. Yield Productive Tiller Sugiyanta , 2008 (IPB) CONVENTIONAL5.0 T/HA S.R.I. 7.5 T/HA Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 9. Number of tillers Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 TILLER NUMBER: S.R.I EXPERIMENT AT SAMPOERNA ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING CENTER,PANDAAN, EAST JAVA, 2008 (Herodian,et al . 2008) AGE (DAT) NON-S.R.I. S.R.I SRI GUNTING 30 X 30 CM S.R.I. GUNTING ORGANIC S.R.I 0 9 1 1 1 10 9 1 2 2 20 13 2 4 4 30 25 6 15 11 40 26 12 31 20 50 21 17 44 36 60 17 29 56 73 70 13 32 54 77 10. S.R.I EXPERIMENT AT SAMPOERNA ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING CENTER,PANDAAN, EAST JAVA, 2008(Herodian,et al . 2008) Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 PARAMETERS NON-S.R.I. S.R.I SRI GUNTING (30 X 30 ) S.R.I. GUNTING ORGAN-IC S.R.I NO. PRODUCTIVE TILLERS 23 15 19 54 NO. GRAINS PER PANICLE 33 166 154 215 WEIGHT 1,000 GRAINS (g) 25.0 27.5 29.7 31.7 YIELD AT HARVESTING (T/HA) 5.7 9.3 8.3 10.8 YIELD (DRY GRAIN AT 14%WATER CONTENT) (T/HA) 5.5 8.9 8.0 10.5 11. UNIVERSITY OF ANDALAS, PADANG (Musliar Kasimet al. , 2007-2008) </p> <ul><li>S.R.Iaverage of9.67 T/ha </li></ul> <ul><li>Titoniaas source of organic fertilizer </li></ul> <ul><li>Variety Sirandah Kuning, 11T/ha(Rozen, 2008) </li></ul> <ul><li>YIELD INCREASES REPORTED FROM EAST, MIDDLE AND WEST </li></ul> <p> 12. IRRIGATION WATER SETIAWAN ANDGARDJITO (2008); KALSIM (2007) Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 13. S.R.ISAVESMORE IRRIGATIONWATERKEY POINTS:SUCCESS OF P.T.T. (INTEGRATED CROPMANAGEMENT) AND S.R.IBOTHDEPENDONMANAGABLEIRRIGATIONWATER INTERMITTENT IRRIGATIONSAVES WATER BY30%SHIN AND LEE(2006) S.R.I.PRACTICESAVES WATER BY 40% KALSIMET AL.,(2007) SETIAWANET AL.,(2008)(IPB) 14. RA0_ Solar radiationRA1_ Air temperatureRA2_ HumidityRA3_ Soil moisture SOPHISTICATED FIELD SERVER MONITORING AGENT: S.R.I. EXPERIMENT (SETIAWAN AND MIZOGUCHI2008) 15. SOIL BIOTA NARASWARI AND ISWANDI (2008) ) Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 16. S.R.IIS RELATED TOSOIL BIOTA S.R.IIS RELATEDTO GHG EMISSION S.R.IIS RELATED TORICE YIELD Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 17. SRI EXPERIMENTAT NAGRAK ORGANICS.R.I TRAINING CENTER Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. ENVIRONMENT GREENHOUSE GASES SOIL AND WATER POLUTION?? Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 23. GHG- AGRICULTURAL SECTOR. JAPAN&amp; KOREA:CH 4EMITTING COUNTRIES = 26 35% TOTAL GHG EMISSIONS OF THE COUNTRY ) NO MITIGATION OPTIONSAPPLIED BY FARMERNO ENCOURAGEMENT FROM THE GOVERNMENT 24. GHG EMISSIONRELATED TO WATER MANAGEMENT LITERATURE SATURATEDVSFLOODED: REDUCECH 4EMISSIONBY 24%MORE N 2 OEMISSIONBY 99%,MORERICE YIELDBY 12% SUPRIHATIANDISWANDI (2007) MID-SEASON DRAINAGEREDUCED GHG EMISSION26%MULTIPLE DRAINAGEREDUCED GHG EMISSION BY 34% WASSMANNET AL. (2000) - IRRICHIDTHAISONG(2006) - THAILAND 25. FARMER INCOME S.R.I. VSNON-S.R.I. Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 26. FARMERNETINCOME(NIPPON KOEI/ BUDIHARTO,2007)( 000 rupiah/ha) Presented at workshop on S.R.IatMinistry of Agriculture, Jakarta, June 13, 2008 No. DISTRICT S.R.I. NON-S.R.I. 1 MANGGARAI BARAT 6,710 1,875 2 MANGGARAI 6,395 1,727 3 NAGEKEO 7,727 2,892 4 EMDE 7,343 1,530 5 SUMBA TIMUR 6,757 1,927 6 TTS 1,906 47 AVERAGE 6,140 1,670 27. IN THE FUTURE </p> <ul><li>SRI IS WORK IN PROGRESS </li></ul> <ul><li>A LOT OF RESEARCH ISNEEDED, SUCH AS ON: </li></ul> <ul><li>AGRONOMY AND SOIL;PESTS AND DISEASES;WEED CONTROL;RICE VARIETIES;ORGANIC FERTILIZERS; ENVIRONMENT IMPACTS; WEEDING TOOLS; IRRIGATION AND WATEREFFICIENCY </li></ul> <ul><li>PRODUCTION IS NOT EVERYTHING </li></ul> <ul><li>NEED RESEARCH ALSO ON:</li></ul> <ul><li>FARMER INCOME </li></ul> <ul><li>SOCIOLOGY AND GENDER, </li></ul> <ul><li>ANTHROPOLOGY </li></ul> <ul><li>NEED ALSO: </li></ul> <ul><li>COLLABORATION AMONG DIVERSE STAKEHOLDERS </li></ul> <p> 28. NAGRAK S.R.I (ORGANIC) TRAINING CENTER, SUKABUMI EXPERIENCEDTRAINERS, EXCELLENT FACILITIES, PRIMA SERVICES ORGANIC RICE, ORGANIC FERTILIZER Contact : AHMAD JATIKA [email_address] HP:0818 0718 5508 ORGANIC S.R.I: FERTISMART (KUJANG AMANAH TANI) ORGANIC FERTILIZER (DR Z. SUDJAIS) COMMUNICATION FORUM:Ina-SRI. [email_address] aiswandi@indo.net.id 29. ACKNOWLEDGEMETS </p> <ul><li>1. MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE DR. ANTON APRIYANTONO </li></ul> <ul><li>2. DIRECTOR GENERAL OF FOOD CROPS AND STAFF </li></ul> <ul><li>3. PROF. DR. NORMAN UPHOFF AND MR. S. SATO </li></ul> <ul><li>4. SUPPORT FROM:PT PUPUK KUJANG, PT KUJANG</li></ul> <ul><li>AMANAH TANI, DISIMP (MR S. SATO/VICTOR LEE),RAHMANSUBANDI,MAPORINA (DR Z. SOEDJAIS), Ina-SRI,</li></ul> <ul><li>5. ORGANIZING COMMITTEE (DIRECTOR OF PLANT</li></ul> <ul><li>PROTECTION AND STAFF) </li></ul>