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  • 1.KPCOFGS Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus SpeciesKids PlayingCatch OnFreewaysGet SmashedBinomial nomenclature

2. Classification System5 KingdomMoneraAnimaliaProtistaPlantaeFungiR.H.Whittaker (1969) 3. Differences among KingdomsThe 5 Kingdoms we use today. Monera: single celled, prokaryote organisms Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) Protista: single celled, contains nucleus andinternal subdivisions Diatoms, dinoflagellates, and protozoans Fungi: multicellular, chitinous cell wall, nochloroplasts, heterotrophic, nutrition by absorption, Mushrooms Plantae: multicellular, cell wall, cellulose,chloroplasts, autotrophic Animalia: multicellular, no cell wall, heterotrophs 4. Protista: single celled, containsnucleus and internal subdivisions Diatoms, dinoflagellates, andprotozoans Animalia: multicellular, no cell wall,heterotrophsDifferences among Kingdoms 5. Which Anatomical Features Mark BranchWhich Anatomical Features Mark BranchPoints on the Animal Evolutionary Tree? Lack of Tissues Separates Sponges from All OtherAnimals Animals with Tissues Exhibit Either Radial orBilateral Symmetry Radially Symmetrical Animals Have TwoEmbryonic Tissue Layers; Bilaterally SymmetricalAnimals Have ThreeAnimals Have Three Bilateral Animals Have Heads 6. Radial symmetrycentral axisBilateral symmetryplane ofsymmetryanteriorplane ofsymmetryposteriorBody symmetry and cephalization 7. 7Kingdom - ProtistaPhylum - Protozoa 8. FourMajorGroupsofProtozoa 9. It is aquatic in habitat. Body is unicellular, irregular in shape. Body is covered by plasma membrane orplasmalemma. Pseudopodia are projected from differentparts of body surface. Body cytoplasm is differentiated into outerectoplasm and inner endoplasm. In endoplasm Nucleus, Contractilevacuole, Food vacuole and otherorganelle are present. 10. AmoebaP- ProtozoaC- RhizopodaO- LobosaG- AmoebaS- proteus 11. Kingdom- Animalia1.Porifera2.coelenterata3.Platyhelminthes4.Aschelminthes5.Annelida6.Mollusca7.Arthropoda8.Echinodermata9.Chordata 12. (Sponge Diversity)Yellow TubeSpongeBlack-ball spongeErect RopeSpongePorifera 13. OSCULUMCOLLAROSCULAR FRINGEOSTIASPICULESSUBSTRATUMBASESycon 14. Phylum PoriferaSessile stays in one placeSessile-stays in one placeMost simple multicellular organismMost simple multicellular organismNo tissues or organsCentral body cavityOsculum- large opening(s) at topf iPores for incurrent water 15. Poriferan Structure 3 16. Poriferan body plans 17. SyconP- PoriferaC- CalcareaO- HeterocoelaG- SyconS- gelatinosum 18. Hydra (Hydrazoa)MOUTHGASTROVASCULARCAVITYGASTRODERMISMESOGLEAECTODERMMaamaamaamaaMaamaamaamaaMaamaamaamaaMaamaamaamaaMaamaamaamaaMaamaamaamaaMaamaamaamaaMaamaamaamaaMaamaamaamaaTENTACLEHYPOSTOMEBASAL DISCTESTISOVARY 19. Budding Hydra 20. HydraP- CoelenterateC- HydrozoaO- HydroideaG- HydraS- viridis 21. Phylum PlatyhelminthesPhylum PlatyhelminthesDiffusion is used in place of important body systemsDiffusion is used in place of important body systems.No real vision only senses light with eyespotsExamples:Flukes and TapewormsReproduce asexually by fissionReproduce sexually by cross fertilization 22. Phylum PlatyhelminthesFlatwormhttp://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/platyhelminthes/platyhelminthes.html 23. Fun Fact: Tapewormsphttp://www.micrographia.com/specbiol/helmint/platyhel/cest0100.htmIn the 1920s ingesting tapeworms was a method of weight loss.The more intake of nutrients in the body; the longer thetapeworm becomes in the intestine. 24. 75 mm long 30 mm longMOUTHGONOPOREACETABULUMORAL SUCKER(surrounds mouth)EXCRETERY PORE(Fasciola) 25. Fasciola hepatica The Sheep Liver Fluke Because sheep are thenormal definitive host. In places where sheepare not raised can befound in cattle. Humans can becomeinfected!30 mm long 26. Asian Liver Fluke (Clonorchis sinensis) 27. Habitat: live in the duct system of the liver! 28. Fascioloides magna Giant Deer Flukeor Giant Liver Fluke Found in deer, moose,and elk. Sometimes in cattle,bison, sheep, goats,llamas, and pigs. Never found in people!100 mm long! 29. FasciolaP- PlatyhelminthesC- TrematodaO- DigenaG-FasciolaS- hepatica 30. Phylum NematodaRoundworms are found everywhereIn one cubic meter millions can liveSome Nematodes are parasiticTrichinella is a muscle parasite found in pig meatHookworms are intestinal and drink blood of stomachp p gFilarial Roundworms infect lymphatic system cause Elephantiasis 31. Phylum Nematodahttp://www.cbv.ns.ca/mchs/diversity/aduo2.jpgHookwormHookworm 32. MALE PENIAL SETAEANUSGENITAL PORELATERAL LINEEXCRETORYPOREMOUTHAscaris 33. Adult worm of A. lumbricoides 34. ElephantiasisElephantiasiscaused byRoundworms.T itt dTransmittedby a vectorby a vectorsuch as amosquito orbiti flhttp://elephantiasis.freeyellow.com/blackleg.jpgbiting fly. 35. Elephantiasisd bcaused byRoundwormsRoundworms.Transmittedby a vectorhsuch as amosquito ormosquito orbiting fly.g yhttp://elephantiasis.freeyellow.com/legs.jpg 36. A mass or bolus ofAscaris lumbricoides. 37. Ascaris Worms in Intestine 38. AscarisP- AschelminthesC- NematodaO-AscaroideaG- AscarisS-lumbricoides 39. Phylum AnnelidaSegmented worms are capable of more complex movementsg p pHave a closed circulatory systemHave five pairs of heartsPharynx draws in foodCrop stores foodGizzard grinds food upThen it is passed into the intestine where nutrients is absorbedAnd out the anus 40. Phylum AnnelidaySegmented wormshttp://tolweb.org/tree?group=Annelida&contgroup=animals 41. Oligochaeta (earthworms) 42. EarthwormMOUTHPROSTOMIUMPERISTOMIUMCLITELLUMFEMALEGENITAL PORE14,15,16171819MALEGENITAL POREANUSGENITAL-PAPILLAE 43. EarthwormP- AnnelidaC-OligochaetaO- MegadrilliG- PheretimaS-posthuma 44. Phylum ArthropodaMost dominant animals on EarthExoskeleton suit of armor made of chitinEfficient gas exchange allows rapid supply of oxygen to musclesWell developed sensory systemWell developed nervous systemWell developed nervous systemWell developed circulatory system 45. Phylum ArthropodaScorpionhttp://www.bushveld.co.za/scorpion.htmScorpionArachnids 46. Phylum ArthropodaHypsosinga rubenshttp://www.marion.ohio-state.edu/spiderweb/SpiderPictures/Araneidae/Hypsosinga%20rubens.htm(Orbweaver) 47. Phylum ArthropodaPhylum ArthropodaRock CrabCrustacean 48. Phylum Arthropoday pThe Rock Crabs GrandpaCrustaceanThe Rock Crab s Grandpa 49. 10th11thMOUTHANTERIOR SUCKERMALE GENITAL POREFEMALE GENITAL POREPOSTERIR SUCKER6th-22ndNEPHRIDIOPORELeech 50. LeechP- AnnelidaC- HirudineaO- GnathobdellidaG- HirudoS- medicinalis 51. Phylum MolluscaShell made of Calcium CarbonateOpen circulatory system except for CephalopodsMantle lays down the shellOpen circulatory system except for CephalopodsRadula tongue made of chitin used to scrape for foodBivalve named for number of shellsIn some the shell is internal 52. Mollusca(Soft bodied animals) 53. Phylum MolluscaClamhttp://www.cabiota.com/cabiota/mollusca.htm 54. Phylum MolluscaPhylum MolluscaBivalveshttp://www.manandmollusc.net/beginners_intro/pelecypoda.htmlBivalves 55. Phylum MolluscaPhylum MolluscaOctopus 56. Gastropoda 57. OPERCULUMAPEXPENULTIMATEWHORLSUTUREBODY WHORLSUPRAMARGINAL GROOVEFIRST TENTACLEHEADEYESECOND TENTACLESnail 58. Gastropod Anatomy 59. SnailP- MolluscaC- GastropodaS.C-ProsobranchiataO- TaenioglossaG- PilaS-globosa 60. Malacostraca/Decapoda 61. Crayfish dissection 62. ROSTRUMANTENNULEEYECARAPACECHELATE LEGNON CHELATE LEGPLEOPODSTELSONUROPODPrawnANTENNA 63. PrawnP- ArthropodaC- CrustaceaS.C- MalacostracaO- DecapodaG- PalaemonS- malcolmsonii 64. Insecta/Orthoptera 65. FEMALE MALEEYEANTENNAHEADPROTHORAXMESOTHORAXMETATHORAXLEGANAL STYLEWINGCockroachANAL CERCI 66. CockroachP- ArthropodaC- InsectaO- DictyopteraG- PeriplanetaS- americana 67. Silk worm in Cocoon 68. Silk worm/Moth 69. EYEANTENNAHEADPROTHORAXWINGSSilk Moth 70. Silk worm/MothP- ArthropodaC- InsectaS.C- PterygotaDivision- ExopterygotaO- HymenopteraG- BombyxS- mori 71. Insecta/HymenopteraInsecta/Diptera 72. Honey BeeP- ArthropodaC- InsectaS.C- PterygotaP- ExopterygotaO- HymenopteraG- ApisS- indica 73. Phylum EchinodermataThe name echinoderm is Greek for hedgehog skinUse a water-vascular system for locomotion,respiration, and food captureLack a circulatory systemHave regenerative capabilities 74. Phylum EchinodermataPhylum EchinodermataStar fishhttp://www.inhissaddle.com/Scuba%20Pictures%20Album/pages/Sea%20Star%2002_jpg.htmStar fish 75. Phylum EchinodermataPhylum EchinodermataSea UrchinSe U chttp://www.inhissaddle.com/Scuba%20Pictures%20Album/pages/SeaCucumberUrchins_jpg.htm 76. Phylum EchinodermataPhylum EchinodermataSea UrchinSea Urchinhttp://www.inhissaddle.com/Scuba%20Pictures%20Album/pages/BandedSeaUrchin02_jpg.htm 77. Starfish 78. MOUTHMANDREPORTEARMAMBULACRALGROOVEANUSStarfish 79. StarfishP- EchinodermataS.P- EleutherozoaC- AsteroideaO- ForcipulataG- PentacerosS- reticulatus 80. Phylum ChordataDeuterostome development-anus formed firstCharacteristics of Chordates:1. Notochord2. Dorsal, hollow nerve cord3 Pharyngeal gill slits / Respiratory Openings3. Pharyngeal gill slits / Respiratory Openings4. Post-anal tail 81. adapted fromhttp://gideon.k12.mo.us/teachers/jswilley/htdocs/Classification%20of%20Animals.pptAnimals With BackbonesMAMMALFISHREPTILEBIRDAMPHIBIAN 82. RohuBony FishMeera 83. SNOUTNOSTRILEYEOPERCULUMDORSAL FINPECTORAL FINPELVIC FINANAL FINLATERAL LINETAILSCALESCAUDAL FINRohuMOUTH 84. Rohu(Bony Fish)P- ChordataS.P.- VertebrataC- TeleostomiO- CypriniformesG- LabeoS- rohita 85. Frogs 86. EXTERNAL NARESNOUTUPPER EYE LIDNICTITATING MEMBRANELOWER EYE LIDTYMPANUMFORE LIMBHIND LIMBWEBDIGITCLOACAL APERTUREFrog 87. FrogP- ChordataS.P.- VertebrataC- AmphibiaO- AnuraG- RanaS- tigrina 88. EYENOSTRILHEADSPECTACULARMARKHOODTRUNKTAILIndian Cobra 89. Cobra 90. Indian CobraP- ChordataS.P.- VertebrataC- ReptiliaO- SquamataS.O-SerpentesG- NajaS- naja 91. Grass snakeEggs usually laid in manure/compost 92. Common KraitHEXAGONALSCALEHEADNOSTRILEYEMOUTHTAILBANDTRUNK 93. Common KraitP- ChordataS.P.- VertebrataC- ReptiliaO- SquamataG- BungarusS- caeruleus 94. BandedK