박영동 교수 자연과학대학 화학전공. magic arrangement  example 1 c 2 h 6 o ethyl...

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  • Magic Arrangement Example 1 C2H6OEthyl alcoholDimethyl ether

  • Magic Arrangement Example 2 AlanineL-alanineD-alanineHuman proteinBacteria cell wall

  • Chemistry and Society

  • Chemistry and Society

  • in 2007 mostly based on data provided by the World Steel Association

    2005: 23 *Plastics vs. Steels

    RankCountry/RegionSteel production (million tonnes)World1,343.51People's Republic of China489.0European Union210.32Japan120.23United States97.24Russia72.25India53.16South Korea51.47Germany48.58Ukraine42.89Brazil33.810Italy32.0

  • Computational Chemistry

  • Advanced CatalystsCombinatorial chemistry and computational methods => library of catalysts

  • Clean ManufacturingPreserving material Minimizing energy

  • Analytical TechniquesLasers Spectroscopy Instrumentation

  • PTFE is rapidly stretch to create a strong microporous material known as expanded PTFE, or ePTFE. GORE-TEX Graft: ePTFE (expanded poly(tetrafluoroethylene)

  • Material ScienceDesigner materialOrganic electronicsNanotube Water Doesn't Freeze -- Even At Hundreds Of Degrees Below ZeroImage by Christian J. Burnham, University of Houston.Montreals 1067 Expo: American pavilion at night

  • Carbon nanotube wire demonstrated at 1GHz http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/nalefd/2008/8/i02/abs/nl0730965.html Source: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    Source: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    Source: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

  • Gold nanoparticles18 ~ 250 nm

  • Material Science

  • Magnetocaloric materialgiant magnetocaloric effect in gadolinium-silicon-germanium [Gd5(SixGe1-x)4] alloys

  • Humanitys Top Ten Problemsfor next 50 years ENERGYWATERFOODENVIRONMENT POVERTYTERRORISM & WARDISEASEEDUCATIONDEMOCRACY POPULATION

    2004 6.5 Billion People2050 ~ 10 Billion PeopleSlide from: R. E. Smalley, Rice University

  • Humanitys Top Ten Problemsfor next 50 years ENERGYWATERFOODENVIRONMENT POVERTYTERRORISM & WARDISEASEEDUCATIONDEMOCRACY POPULATION

    2004 6.5 Billion People2050 ~ 10 Billion PeopleSlide from: R. E. Smalley, Rice University

  • The Biggest Challenge

  • EnergyFor 1010 PeopleThe Biggest ChallengeAt MINIMUM we need 10 Terawatts (150 M BOE/day) from some new clean energy source by 2050

    Its got to be cheap.

    But, not with current technology.

  • World Energy Millions of Barrels per Day (Oil Equivalent)30020010001860 1900 1940 1980 2020 2060 2100Source: John F. Bookout (President of Shell USA) ,Two Centuries of Fossil Fuel Energy International Geological Congress, Washington DC; July 10,1985. Episodes, vol 12, 257-262 (1989).

  • 165,000 TWof sunlighthit the earth

    Free!

    ?

  • The ENERGY REVOLUTION (The Terawatt Challenge)14.5 Terawatts220 M BOE/day 30 - 60 Terawatts450 - 900 MBOE/day The Basis of Prosperity 20st Century = OIL 21st Century = ??Slide from: R. E. Smalley, Rice University

    Chart1

    Sheet1

    FoodGasMotel

    Jan121710

    Feb171121

    Mar222914

    Apr141017

    May121710

    Jun191520

    Chart5

    33.6

    23.8

    21.6

    5.5

    10

    5.5

    0.5

    0.5%

    Source: BP & IEA

    2004

    Sheet1

    Oil33.6

    Coal23.8

    Gas21.6

    Fission5.5

    Biomass10

    Hydroelectric5.5

    Solar, wind, geothermal0.5

    Oil10

    Coal7

    Gas14

    Fission14

    Biomass2

    Hydroelectric2.3

    Solar, wind, geothermal49.7

    Sheet1

    0.5%

    Source: Internatinal Energy Agency

    2002

    Sheet2

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    2050

    2002

    Sheet3

    Chart7

    4

    6

    11

    15

    11

    5

    48

    2050

    Sheet1

    Oil35

    Coal23.5

    Gas20.7

    Fission6.8

    Biomass11.1

    Hydroelectric2.3

    Solar, wind, geothermal0.5

    Oil4

    Coal6

    Gas11

    Fusion / Fission15

    Biomass11

    Hydroelectric5

    Solar, wind, geothermal48

    Sheet1

    0.5%

    Source: Internatinal Energy Agency

    2002

    Sheet2

    10

    7

    14

    14

    2

    2.3

    49.7

    2050

    Sheet3

  • Slide from: R. E. Smalley, Rice University

  • Electric Vehicles-Traditional Battery

  • Electric Vehicles-Advanced BatteryTesla RoadsterLotus EliseTop speed: 217 km/h0-100 km/h in 3.9 secRange: 390 km US$100,000Battery-to-wheel efficiency :90%US$0.03/mileLithium ion cell7yrs/100,000 miles

  • Electric Vehicles- maybe for me(?)Tesla Model S available in 2011Top speed: 217 km/h0-96 km/h in 5.6 secRange: 480 km US$49,90045 min Quick Charge$4/300 milesSeats for 7

  • Energy & Food

  • 051015202530351chemistry and allied productsIndustrial machinery and equipmentElectrical machineryPrinting and publishingInstrumentsMotor vehicles and partsOther transportation equipmentPrimary metalsFabricated metal productsOthersMiningUtilitiesChemistry in Industry

  • Organic DyesFlexible Solar cellSamsung WVGA OLED

  • The Winners Are2003 Nobel Prize winners/Chemistryfor discoveries concerning channels in cell membranesfor the discovery of water channelsfor structural and mechanistic studies of ion channelsPeter Agre Roderick MacKinnon

  • The Winners Are2004 Nobel Prize winners/ChemistryThe discovery was made at the beginning of the 1980s at the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, USA, jointly by the three scientists"for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation"

  • The Winners Are2005 Nobel Prize winners/ChemistryMetathesis a change-your-partners dance" for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis"

  • The Winner is2006 Nobel Prize winners/Chemistry" for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription "Roger D. Kornberg Stanford University, CA, USA

  • The Winner is2007 Nobel Prize winners/Chemistry" for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces"Gerhard Ertl Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin, GermanySpiral waves of carbon monoxide occupation on a platinum surface, captured by photoelectron emission microscopy (3D, false colour) FRITZ HABER INSTITUTE, GERMANY

  • The Winners Are2008 Nobel Prize winners/Chemistry"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"Martin Chalfie, Columbia University, New York, NY, USARoger Y. Tsien, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA Osamu Shimomura, Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), Woods Hole, MA, USA

  • photograph of the cerebral cortex from Brainbow

  • The Winners Are2009 Nobel Prize winners/Chemistry"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"

    Venkatraman RamakrishnanThomas A. SteitzAda E. YonathUnited KingdomUSAIsraelMRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology Cambridge, United KingdomYale University New Haven, CT, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute Weizmann Institute of Science Rehovot, Israelb. 1952 (in India)b. 1940b. 1939

  • Richard Feynman,in the Feynman Lectures on Physics, vol.1 I believe it is the atomic hypothesis that all things are made of atoms.

  • -George Bernard Shaw, Back to Methuselah, Act 1, Part 1

  • Slide from: ,

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