эиж 6-2009a

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  • 1. 6(91)2009 ? : ? , , , , cover.indd 1cover.indd 1 25.05.2009 11:44:1625.05.2009 11:44:16
  • 2. . , , . 5 . , , , , . , , , , - , . ? .. cover.indd 2cover.indd 2 25.05.2009 11:44:2125.05.2009 11:44:21
  • 3. .. ? , , - 5 , . 1972 . - . - , - , - , . - , , - . - - . , , - , (- ) , . - - - , - , . - - - . - - - . . : LEIPZIGER MESSE. 71 .. , .. , .. 80 4 24 .. .
  • 4. .. . ? . V.N. Snytnikov. Does life create planets? Astrocatalysis as a starting point of geobiological processes. 4 .. . N.N. Chaplyghin. The factor of impossibility and prospects of relationship between a human and nature 12 The knight of science popularization 17 .. . , . V.B. Ivanov. Power efficiency, power safety and renewable energy sources How to turn the state to alternative power engineering. 18 2009 Global Energy 2009 22 . : Leipziger Messe. Claudia Anders: Russia is a promising and long-term partner E&L interviews the director of international eco-exhibitions of Leipziger Messe. 24 , News, events 28 Technopark 30 .. . . N.M. Shchegolkova. Fuel from water plants A chance to solve the pressing issues of the mankind. 32 Darwinian readings .. . . V.I. Nazarov. On the way to the ecosystem theory of biological evolution The theory of evolution still develops dynamically. 36 Book reviews .. , .. . V.M. Neronov, K.S. Speranskaya. The culture of preserving biodiversity 40 Album of biodiversity .. . N.D. Kovalenko. Pearl oysters 44 EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: ECONOMY & MANAGEMENT . . ECOLOGY HUMAN BEING SOCIETY 2000 . 6(91)2009 . 7718978 24.11.2004. 6(91)2009 . 1996 . . . : 117648, , / 28 ./: (495) 3190247, 3199233 e-mail: ecolife21@gmail.com : http://www.ecolife.ru Ulrichs Periodicals Directory. . . 22.05.09 . 84108 1/16. . . . 6. 21 600 . 1164. () .. , () .. , ( ) .. , (, ) .. , () .. , () .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , . (), .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , . (), .. , . (), .. , .. , .. .. . .. .. .. . , . .. .. .. ..
  • 5. .. -. , , . V.I. Danilov-Danilyan. Water resources in Russia and in the world Environmental, economic, political and social aspects of the problem. 48 Freeman John Dyson public lecture in Moscow 54 Darwinian readings .. . ? Yu.N. Eldyshev. Is the speed of the evolution changing? 55 From everywhere about everything 58 ? Does a man change the climate? 60 . . I. Proshkina. Vacation in Buryatia 64 . . ? I. Kuznetsov. Moscow lungs Shall we preserve recreational forests of the capital? 67 .. . , . M.M. Shats. Megaprojects and vulnerable North Exploitation of the natural resources causes geoecological problems in Yakutia. 71 Regional mosaic 78 .. , .. , .. . T.A. Trifonova, S.M. hesnokova, O.N. Ryazantseva. Nitrates in food and in water 80 News of medicine 85 .. , .. . O.B. Goryunova, N.S. Markvichev. Mosquitoes outlaw 89 Healthy nutrition . . , , I. Kuznetsov. Jelly, fruit, berry 91 Literary pages . Alexander Smirnov. Entropy 94 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT REGIONS AND CITIES GLOBAL PROBLEMS Table of Contents 6(91)2009 Recommended for educational institutions by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Founder Independent non-commercial Organization Journal Ecology and Life The Moisseyev Council Academician G.A. Zavarzin (biology), Academician A.B. Kurzhanskiy (control processes), Academician A.A. Petrov (mathematics, economics), Academician V.S. Stepin (philosophy), Academician V.A. Lektorskiy (philosophy) Editorial Board Zh.I. Alferov, A.M. Amirkhanov, S.I. Baranovskiy, Yu.V. Gulyaev, N.S. Kassimov, A. Luque (Spain), N.N. Marfenin, B.M. Mirkin, N.N. Mikheyev, V.M. Neronov, I.G. Pospelov, K. Thiessen (Germany), V.I. Trukhin, H. Scheer (Germany), S.A. Shoba, A.A. Soloviaynov, G.A, Yagodin, A.A. Yaroshinskaya Editor-in-chief A.L. Samsonov Deputy editor-in-chief Yu.N. Eldyshev Executive secretary V.I. Valkov Editor T.S. Repina Art design A. Vradiy, V. Blokhin Computer design I.G. Patrashkova Chief executive V.E. Blokhin PR manager V.A. Kolodina Web site S.A. Tyagunov Ecology and Life has been published since 1996 Circulation 21 600 copies Postal address: P. B. 28, Moscow, 117648, Russian Federation Tel./fax: +7 (495) 3190247, 3199233 e-mail: ecolife21@gmail.com Web site: http://www.ecolife.ru Refer to the journal when reprinting. Articles are not reviewed and returned.
  • 6. 4 6(91)2009 ? .. . .. , snyt@catalysis.nsk.su . 13,7 , . - , , , , , . , 4,56 , .
  • 7. 5http://www.ecolife.ru - , ? . ? , - , , . ? , 600 - . ( 2,51018 ) - , - . ? - . . , . - , , - , - . -, - , . - , ( ) ( , - ). , - . - . . - , - - . , - , . - . - . .
  • 8. 6 6(91)2009 - , - , - . , - 4%. - - 2% . . , - , - . , 10% . , - , - 30%. - , , 1%, . : - - - , - 2,510 18 - (CH2O)106(NH3)16H3PO4? - ? , - , . 10 - 10%- , - - 10 28 , 610 27 ! . -, - . -, - ' , N, , - . -, . , - . . , . , 10 28 , ? . - 10 33 , . 2% - , , N, (. 1). , N, - 10 , 100 . - , , N, ? , . , - - - 4,56 , . . 1. 1H 2,661010 Fe 9,010 5 4He 1,801019 S 5,0105 O 1,8410 7 Al 8,510 4 C 1,1110 7 Ca 6,2510 4 N 2,3110 6 Ni 4,7810 4 Mg 1,0610 6 P 5,710 3 Si 1,0010 6 K 3,710 3 1. . [Si] = 106 : .., .., .., .. . .: , 1990.
  • 9. 7http://www.ecolife.ru . . - . - - , (. 1). - , - . - 0,1 , . , - . , , - . - . , - . 1 . 100200 AU. , 100200 , 1000 , 10 4 . - 0,1 . 10 , , (. 2), , , . - - , , , , . - , - - , . - -. - Z = (m1 m2 )V 2 /kT ~ 2000, m1 , m2 , V - , . , - , - , - . - - . - , (. 2), , - . , - . 110 . , - , - . . - - - . , - - , 1 . - -. - - 2. , . , % . , % . H2 7177 SiO2 33 CaO 2,32 2127 FeO 22 Na2 O 0,72 104* MgO 23 Cr2 O3 0,49 N2 , 2 O, 2 ~ 105* FeNi 8,9 P2 O3 0,38 HCN, HNC, NH3 , O2 , CH3 OH ~ 106* FeS 6,17 MnO 0,24 * 2 Al2 O3 2,53 TiO2 0,11 100 100
  • 10. 8 6(91)2009 . , , - - . , , - - . , . - . ( ) - , - , . - , - . . - , , , - . - - , . . - * - , . , , - , , - - . , . - , - - . , . - . - - .** - - , - . - , - - - . - . , - . - . ( ) , - - . . - - , . , - (. 2) (. 3) . , - , , . - - * . .. , , // . 1996. 11. . 6165. ** .., .., .. . - // . 2004. . 30. 2. . 146160.
  • 11.