крестинский. законы научения

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  1. 1. ..
  2. 2. , , . . , .
  3. 3. - , . , , . , .
  4. 4. : , , , , , . (. ) / .
  5. 5. , [, 1985], [, 1972], [, 1995]. , .. [1976]. , , , .
  6. 6. / / , / . , , .
  7. 7. (experience): 1) , ; 2) , , , .
  8. 8. : 1) (skill) , , . . ; (, ) , , , ;
  9. 9. 2) (habit) , , ( ); , .
  10. 10. ; skill : , , , skilled chess player , . , , psychomotor skills motor skills .
  11. 11. : 1) ; 2) (skill) . (knowledge): , , ; . (competence): . (exercise): - .
  12. 12. (laws of learning) , , . , , . . (E.L. Thorndyke, 1874 1949), , , , .. .
  13. 13. () () , () .
  14. 14. 1. (law of readiness). , , . . , . ( , -), . : , .
  15. 15. 2. (law of effect). , . () - . , ( / ), , ( / / ) .
  16. 16. (negative law of effect), , . (strong law of effect) : , . . , , .
  17. 17. 3. (law of exercise): . . , . , .
  18. 18. : , , . , ; ., 3000 4 . ( ); , .
  19. 19. . 10 . : , .
  20. 20. 4. () (law f use): , (, ), () , . 5. (law of frequency): , , .
  21. 21. 6. (law of recency) : ( ) , . , . (primacy effect) , . () (serial position effect) , . U- , , .
  22. 22. 7. (matching law): . 8. (response- by-analogy principle): , , .