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  • 1. 4(89)2009 , cover.indd 1cover.indd 1 27.03.2009 17:39:1627.03.2009 17:39:16

2. , . , . 1990 . , , . , , !22 cover.indd 2cover.indd 2 27.03.2009 17:39:2127.03.2009 17:39:21 3. . , . , .. . 12 2009 48 - . -, - , : - - 75 . , . - - - , . - - . - . . - -. - , , - . , -. - , - ., , - -... ,.. 64. 801740 4. Darwinian readings. , . . . , , .Thomas Junker, Uwe Hofeld. Darwin Wallace: biographic parallelsAlthough both theories were developed independently they are almost agree. 4. . : , .N.Vitkovski. DArcy Thompson: the space of speciesThis scientist essencially elaborated the Darwins theory of the origin of species. 7.. , .. . .A.S. Kerzhentsev, Yu.A. Kuzmenchuk. Soil as the basis of human beingexistnceIn what way we can preserve its productivity. 11Synopsis. , . . , .E.Toffler, H.Toffler. Pursuit of spaceOutside the atmosphere a human being can enrich our planet. 17. . : ? .V. Palts. Biofuel: new resources or dangers?Possible reasons for a food price increase. 22 A new vehicle symbol an ecological and economy car 25.. . Yu.N. Eldyshev. Renewable energy sources in the Russian powerengineering 28. , . . .. Aksenova, S. Letyago. Karelia a wonderlandEcological expedition teams report. 32Seminar.. . , .M.D. Andreev. Space sounding in ecological researchTo learn our planet better we need to look at it ab extra. 36 Educational diary 39 Album of biodiversity.. , .. . V.V. Bobrov, A.A. Varshavski. Reptiles of the Russian fauna 40 EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: ECONOMY & MANAGEMENT. . ECOLOGY HUMAN BEING SOCIETY 2000 . 4(89)2009 . 7718978 24.11.2004.4(89)2009 . 1996 . . . : 117648, , / 28./: (495) 3190247, 3199233e-mail: ecolife21@gmail.com :http://www.ecolife.ru Ulrichs Periodicals Directory. . . 26.03.09 . 84108 1/16. . . . 6. 21 600 . 682. () .. , ().. , ( ).. , (, ).. , ().. , ().. , .. ,.. , .. ,.. , . (),.. , .. , .. ,.. , .. ,.. , . (),.. , . (), .. ,.. , .. .. . .. .. .. . , . .. .. .. .. 5. .. . Yu.N. Eldyshev. Life without senility 44 From everywhere about everything 50.. . Yu.N. Eldyshev. Fate of ice in the Arctic and harvest in the tropics 52 2008: , .Natural disasters 2008: fewer events more victims and moredamage. 56. . ?I. Proshkina. Restless continentsDo we hope to have reliable earthquake prediction? 59 !To keep the Baltic clean 63 Our trips. . K. Zgourovski. Along the Kurile ridge 64 Regional mosaic 70. , . . T. Frolova, G. Vradiy. In the preglacial forest 72 Healthy life is a state care 78. . V. Perederin. What we need to know about vitamins 80 News of medicine 82. . I. Kuznetsov. The mankind on beans 84. . N. Goncharenko. New urbanism a town for people 88.. . N.D. Kovalenko. White stone 92 .. . A.V. Markov. A new megaparadigm of scientific knowledge 94 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT REGIONS AND CITIES GLOBAL PROBLEMSTable of Contents 4(89)2009Recommended for educational institutions by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationFounderIndependent non-commercialOrganization JournalEcology and LifeThe Moisseyev CouncilAcademician G.A. Zavarzin(biology),Academician A.B. Kurzhanskiy(control processes),Academician A.A. Petrov(mathematics, economics),Academician V.S. Stepin(philosophy),Academician V.A. Lektorskiy(philosophy)Editorial BoardZh.I. Alferov, A.M. Amirkhanov,S.I. Baranovskiy, Yu.V. Gulyaev,N.S. Kassimov, A. Luque (Spain),N.N. Marfenin, B.M. Mirkin,N.N. Mikheyev, V.M. Neronov,I.G. Pospelov, K. Thiessen (Germany),V.I. Trukhin, H. Scheer (Germany),S.A. Shoba, A.A. Soloviaynov, G.A, Yagodin,A.A. YaroshinskayaEditor-in-chiefA.L. SamsonovDeputy editor-in-chiefYu.N. EldyshevExecutive secretaryV.I. ValkovEditorT.S. RepinaArt designA. Vradiy, V. BlokhinComputer designI.G. PatrashkovaChief executiveV.E. BlokhinPR managerV.A. KolodinaWeb siteS.A. TyagunovEcology and Life has been published since 1996Circulation 21 600 copiesPostal address: P. B. 28, Moscow, 117648,Russian FederationTel./fax: +7 (495) 3190247, 3199233e-mail: ecolife21@gmail.comWeb site: http://www.ecolife.ruRefer to the journal when reprinting.Articles are not reviewed and returned. 6. 4 4(89)2009 , 1842 , - , - (Sketch). . (Essay), -, , , - . -, (18461854) - . - - , . 1854 - . , . - - , , , .18 1858 (Big Species Book), . , - (Alfred RussellWallace, 18231913), . , - . - , , , . , , : - ; - 1842 , ! - . : , , ? ? , , , , - , , - . , . , . , , . , . 7. 5http://www.ecolife.ru . - , - . 1848 . -. . 1854 , . -, (1855). - . , , - . 1855 -, , , - . 1858 - , . , - , , . - , 12 : , -, , , . -, ; - - , , , - , , . , , , - - - . , - , - , . . -, , , , , - (Wallace, 1905). - . , , , - 8. 6 4(89)2009 , (Wallace, 1858). , - , . . - , , : , - -, , , - - . , , - - , - , : , , . - - . -: - , . . , 1860- -, 1880- . - * -. 1858 , . 1860- . 1858 . , - -. 1 1858 - . , - - , . , , , , . , , , .-, - . 1859 , , .-, - 1840 . , . 1859 , . - 3800 , - - .*** * * . - , . , - . - - - . - , - ( -) . , - . . : ., . : . ., 2007.** 6 (1859, 1860, 1861, 1866, 1869, 1872), 3 ,5 , 3 ( , ), 3 , - . .* . . 9. 7http://www.ecolife.ru , -. , , , , , - . ; , - (1116 ) (1917 . , 1942 . ), . -, - , -, . - , -, - . , , : -, - - (Orthagoriscus mola)... , , , , , 1917 . , , : ? , , , - : . (Nicolas Witkowski) . (.: , 2007). 10. 8 4(89)2009 , , , - -, . , - -, , - , - - , . , , -. , , - . -, - -. , - , , , - , - - . 1860 , , - . , ( ) . - , - ( - ), . , . - Dafty (-) . - ,- , . , - , . , -. - , : ! , : ... , , . (1917)- - .- 11. 9http://www.ecolife.ru -, ( ) , ( ) . , - , - , - , . , - , , - , - , . - : , , , - ! - , : - . , - -. , , , : ( -, ) , ( , - ) . , , -; , . ? - ? , , , - ? , , - ? , , - . , , ; - ; - - ; - , - ; - . : -, , . , . - , - , , , . , , . 12. 10 4(89)2009 , , , - . - : - (-), , - - () ! - , - . , , - , . -, - - . - , , . , - . , - , , , , , - . . , ( , ) - , , , . - , , - , .... - , . - , (III ). - : ( - ): , .: , , - , , , , - . -: , , . , , XVIII , ( ), ., ( ) - , (10928 7032), - : , , - . , , , . , - , , - - .: , - , , . , - []: , - , - . , , - , - , -; , - . . , , . , , , - ... , , , , , , ; , -, , - . 13. 11http://www.ecolife.ru .. , . , .. , kerzhent@ibbp.psn.ru, . 30 , 10 , 10 . - . , . , - . , . - 2 , ., , - , . - , () . 2 50 . , , - , . , , .. - . . . -, - , , . - . , . : . . . 14. 12 4(89)2009 . . ... , ... , , . , . !.. , .. , - 1,5 . 1,3 . - ( 10 000 ) - 2 . 50 30 20 . - , . - , - . 50 - , - , , . 50 1 1,5 , - 2 3 (. 1). - . . - : , , .1,51,00,52000 2010 2020 2030 2040 20501286 . 1. 50 15. 13http://www.ecolife.ru . , , , , - . -, , . - , , , , . , . 10 200 . , , - . - . - . - , .* - : . - , , -, . - , ,, - . , - - . -* ., : .. - XXI