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  • 1. 2(87)2009 200- ! cover.indd 1cover.indd 1 27.01.2009 17:48:3327.01.2009 17:48:33

2. . . .. . - , , 1971 . (). 144 . 35 -, 10,7 . 21 .2 - -2009 : 71398 . .80836 . ( + ). . - , . , , , , ! 40500 . ( ).41960 . ( ).15028 .. ! www.ecolife.ru :e-mail: ecolife21@gmail.com : 117648, , / 28;.: (495) 319-92-33 : www.ecolife.rucover.indd 2cover.indd 2 27.01.2009 15:20:5727.01.2009 15:20:57 3. . : . -, , , . , - . - , . , - . , - ., , . , - , -. 70% - - . -. , (. - .. -). - ? , - , -!. , , - - - -. - - . , - , , . 200- 150- .. .71. , , .87444 4. 200- . 150- The 200thanniversary of Ch. Darwin and the 150thanniversaryof his Origin of Species.. . K.A. Timiryazev. A biographical sketch of Charles Darwin 4 . Hal Hellman. The first assault upon Darwin 10. .Ch. Darwin about the scope of application of his theory of naturalselectionFrom the final chapter of Ch. Darwins Origin of Species. 17. . ! , .A. Fokin. Delegate powers to environmental structures!Responsibility has been shared, however, nobody is responsible for environmentalprotection in general. 20. . , .I. Kuznetsov. How to protect the radiation safetyNuclear power engineering grows on, the risk can be diminished. 22.. . Yu.N. Eldyshev. Poznan midway between Kyoto and Copenhagen 24, News, events 26Book reviews.. , .. . : B.M. Mirkin, L.G. Naumova. Tourism and nature protection:a compromise is possible 29 The ice fairy tale in the centre of Moscow 32.. . 92- .. .S.A. Stepanov. He taught people to cherish the EarthThe 92nd anniversary of N.N. Moisseyev. 34.. , .. . V.V. Takhteyev, A.V. Galimzyanova. The Baikal springs 37 Educational diary 43 EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: ECONOMY & MANAGEMENT. . ECOLOGY HUMAN BEING SOCIETY 2000 . 2(87)2009 . 7718978 24.11.2004.2(87)2009 . 1996 . . . : 117648, , / 28./: (495) 3190247, 3199233e-mail: ecolife21@gmail.com :http://www.ecolife.ru Ulrichs Periodicals Directory. . . 27.01.09 . 84108 1/16. . . . 6. 21 600 . 239. () .. , ().. , ( ).. , (, ).. , ().. , ().. , .. ,.. , .. ,.. , . (),.. , .. , .. ,.. , .. ,.. , . (),.. , . (), .. ,.. , .. .. . .. .. .. . , . .. .. .. .. 02-2009-1.indd 202-2009-1.indd 2 27.01.2009 16:38:2527.01.2009 16:38:25 5. .. . .A.V. Markov. The evolutionary progressDevelopment of life as a motion from the simple to the complex. 44.. . : -S.A. Borinskaya. Evolution of a man: molecular-genetic aspects 52 From everywhere about everything 62.. , .. . .V.N. Bolshakov, M.N. Brynskikh. The future of Russian biosphericreservesInterview about the problem of today. 64. . : .I. Proshkina. The Baikal lake: a sight through the depthsWhat researchers saw through the windows of deep-diving vehicles Mir. 71 Regional mosaic 74 : .Science for healthThe Global conference in Bamako: an appeal to join forces. 76.. . - : .Yu.N. Eldyshev. We still live as we lived beforeMinistry of natural resources: results of the year do not inspire optimism. 78 News of medicine 82. . V. Perederin. Constituents of childrens health 84 Healthy nutrition. . , , .I. Kuznetsov. Another bread of RussiansLets talk about potatoes. 87 Literary pages. . V. Golovanov. The new taiga philosophy 92 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT REGIONS AND CITIES GLOBAL PROBLEMSTable of Contents 2(87)2009Recommended for educational institutions by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationFounderIndependent non-commercialOrganization JournalEcology and LifeThe Moisseyev CouncilAcademician G.A. Zavarzin(biology),Academician A.B. Kurzhanskiy(control processes),Academician A.A. Petrov(mathematics, economics),Academician V.S. Stepin(philosophy),Academician V.A. Lektorskiy(philosophy)Editorial BoardZh.I. Alferov, A.M. Amirkhanov,S.I. Baranovskiy, Yu.V. Gulyaev,N.S. Kassimov, A. Luque (Spain),N.N. Marfenin, B.M. Mirkin,N.N. Mikheyev, V.M. Neronov,I.G. Pospelov, K. Thiessen (Germany),V.I. Trukhin, H. Scheer (Germany),S.A. Shoba, A.A. Soloviaynov, G.A, Yagodin,A.A. YaroshinskayaEditor-in-chiefA.L. SamsonovDeputy editor-in-chiefYu.N. EldyshevExecutive secretaryV.I. ValkovEditorT.S. RepinaArt designA. Vradiy, V. BlokhinComputer designI.G. PatrashkovaChief executiveV.E. BlokhinPR managerV.A. KolodinaWeb siteS.A. TyagunovEcology and Life has been published since 1996Circulation 21 600 copiesPostal address: P. B. 28, Moscow, 117648,Russian FederationTel./fax: +7 (495) 3190247, 3199233e-mail: ecolife21@gmail.comWeb site: http://www.ecolife.ruRefer to the journal when reprinting.Articles are not reviewed and returned. 6. 4 2(87)2009 200- 150- 7. 5http://www.ecolife.ru . 1809, , - . - , . -, , - -, - ( ) , - - . , , , - , , , . , - , . 12 1809 , , - . - , , -. , - , . , , , , . , - , , ? , . - - ? : . : , , , . , - . , . (19 ). - ; , . , -, - ; , , , , . . - . , , - , -. , ( - ) -, , . , , , - . - . .. , (, 1910). - , - ; , - - - . 8. 6 2(87)2009 ( 1831 1836 .) . , - . , - , - . , - , , . - . -, - . -, - . , -, , -. , -, , - - , -, ; , , - , , . ( 1837 ) , - . , - . , 1839 , - , . - , . . ,, , -, , ,, . , 1842 ( 35 -) , - , , , , .* , - , - . , - . -, - -. - , -* , - . ! , - - - . -, , , : , -, , . , , , - -. - - : - , , , . , , - , . , , , , - , . , , . 9. 7http://www.ecolife.ru -. , -. , , - , . , , - -, , , - . , , - , - -. , - , , , - . , - , , , . , - . , , , - . , , , - - . 1842 , , : , , , , , . , , , , - , 35 (1842 .) 230 , - . , , . 1856 , , , , - - . 1858 , - . , 24 1859 , , . . 1860 , - [] - . , , , . 1870 , -, , 20 , -, , , . , 1868 - - , - , . -, , - (, -), - , , - , - -. 1871 -, - , , , , , - . - . , - , - , , . 10. 8 2(87)2009 : ; - , , , - , , , . - . - . - , ; - - - , ; - - , . , - , , , - . . -. , - . - -, -, ( -) . , - -. - . , , . , , - , . -, , , - . 11. 9http://www.ecolife.ru - , - . - , - , , - , - , , , - , -, -, , . , - , - ( , - -, , -). - , , - - ( , ), - , - , . , , , - , - , - , , , , , , , - . - , -, , - . , , , -, , , , , -. , - - , , -, . 19 1882 . - : . - : , , -, - . - , , *.[] - , , -.* My fellow creatures , .. , 1860 . 12. 10 2(87)2009 1860 - . . - . - . - - - . 30 , - . , - -, - - . - -. - - , , - - - . - . - , . 1809 - 50-. - - - . - : . . ..: , 2007. 13. 11http://www.ecolife.ru , . , , . -. - , - . . , - . , - . , -, - , . - - - . - , , - , . - , . - , -. . - . , - . : , - - - , -, -, - - . , (, , ) , , - , - ? , , ,- , - . - , - . - , - - () 14. 12 2(87)2009 . - , , - . , - 1860 . - , - -. , - , , , -. - . - - , , - , -, . -. . , - , , -, . - - . - : . - , , - . , - , . - -. -. , . , , . . - , - . , , . - - , - . , - - - . , , , -, - . , -, - , . .1860 . 15. 13http://www.ecolife.ru, - ( ). - , - , . - , . - , , , , . - . . , , - , - - .( - .) - - , - , - , - . ( .) - : , , ? - . -: . , , , - , - -: , ! - : - , -, - . - - : - . - , . , - , , - . ( , .) : -, ; , , -, . , , -. . , ,